|STRICTLY FOR FURTHER SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH USE ONLY (RUO). MUST NOT TO BE USED IN DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC APPLICATIONS.
|Rabbit polyclonal antibody anti-ATF2 (110-190) is suitable for use in Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry research applications.
|PBS with 0.01% Thimerosal, 50% Glycerol, pH7.3.
|WB 1:500-1:2000IHC-P 1:50-1:200
|Store at-20°C for up to 1 year from the date of receipt, and avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.
|Recombinant fusion protein containing a sequence corresponding to amino acids 110-190 of ATF2 (NP_001871.2).
|DLSPLATPIIRSKIEEPSVV ETTHQDSPLPHPESTTSDEK EVPLAQTAQPTSAIVRPASL QVPNVLLTSSDSSVIIQQAV P
| Tissue Specificity
| Ubiquitously expressed, with more abundant expression in the brain.
| Post Translational Modifications
| Phosphorylation of Thr-69 by MAPK14 and MAPK11, and at Thr-71 by MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK11, MAPK12 and MAPK14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity. Phosphorylated by PLK3 following hyperosmotic stress. Also phosphorylated and activated by JNK and CaMK4. ATM-mediated phosphorylation at Ser-490 and Ser-498 stimulates its function in DNA damage response. Phosphorylation at Ser-62, Thr-73 and Ser-121 activates its transcriptional activity. Phosphorylation at Thr-69 or Thr-71 enhances acetylation of histones H2B and H4.
| Transcriptional activator which regulates the transcription of various genes, including those involved in anti-apoptosis, cell growth, and DNA damage response. Dependent on its binding partner, binds to CRE (cAMP response element) consensus sequences (5'-TGACGTCA-3') or to AP-1 (activator protein 1) consensus sequences (5'-TGACTCA-3'). In the nucleus, contributes to global transcription and the DNA damage response, in addition to specific transcriptional activities that are related to cell development, proliferation and death. In the cytoplasm, interacts with and perturbs HK1- and VDAC1-containing complexes at the mitochondrial outer membrane, thereby impairing mitochondrial membrane potential, inducing mitochondrial leakage and promoting cell death. The phosphorylated form (mediated by ATM) plays a role in the DNA damage response and is involved in the ionizing radiation (IR)-induced S phase checkpoint control and in the recruitment of the MRN complex into the IR-induced foci (IRIF). Exhibits histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity which specifically acetylates histones H2B and H4 in vitro. In concert with CUL3 and RBX1, promotes the degradation of KAT5 thereby attenuating its ability to acetylate and activate ATM. Can elicit oncogenic or tumor suppressor activities depending on the tissue or cell type.
| Protein Name
| Cyclic Amp-Dependent Transcription Factor Atf-2Camp-Dependent Transcription Factor Atf-2Activating Transcription Factor 2Cyclic Amp-Responsive Element-Binding Protein 2Creb-2Camp-Responsive Element-Binding Protein 2Hb16Camp Response Element-Binding Protein Cre-Bp1
| Database Links
| Reactome: R-HSA-2151201Reactome: R-HSA-3214847Reactome: R-HSA-400253Reactome: R-HSA-450341Reactome: R-HSA-6796648Reactome: R-HSA-8943724Reactome: R-HSA-9018519Reactome: R-HSA-9031628Reactome: R-HSA-9633012Reactome: R-HSA-9707616
| Cellular Localisation
| NucleusCytoplasmMitochondrion Outer MembraneShuttles Between The Cytoplasm And The Nucleus And Heterodimerization With Jun Is Essential For The Nuclear LocalizationLocalization To The Cytoplasm Is Observed Under Conditions Of Cellular Stress And In Disease StatesLocalizes At The Mitochondrial Outer Membrane In Response To Genotoxic StressPhosphorylation At Thr-52 Is Required For Its Nuclear Localization And Negatively Regulates Its Mitochondrial LocalizationCo-Localizes With The Mrn Complex In The Ir-Induced Foci (Irif)
| Alternative Antibody Names
| Anti-Cyclic Amp-Dependent Transcription Factor Atf-2 antibodyAnti-Camp-Dependent Transcription Factor Atf-2 antibodyAnti-Activating Transcription Factor 2 antibodyAnti-Cyclic Amp-Responsive Element-Binding Protein 2 antibodyAnti-Creb-2 antibodyAnti-Camp-Responsive Element-Binding Protein 2 antibodyAnti-Hb16 antibodyAnti-Camp Response Element-Binding Protein Cre-Bp1 antibodyAnti-ATF2 antibodyAnti-CREB2 antibodyAnti-CREBP1 antibody
Information sourced from Uniprot.org
12 months for antibodies. 6 months for ELISA Kits. Please see website T&Cs for further guidance