• Western blot analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using Alpha-Tubulin antibody (STJ11103692) at 1:3000 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Basic Kit. Exposure time: 30s.

Anti-Alpha-Tubulin antibody (1-180) (STJ11103692)

SKU:
STJ11103692

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Host: Rabbit
Applications: WB
Reactivity: Human/Mouse/Rat
Note: STRICTLY FOR FURTHER SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH USE ONLY (RUO). MUST NOT TO BE USED IN DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC APPLICATIONS.
Short Description: Rabbit polyclonal antibody anti-Alpha-Tubulin (1-180) is suitable for use in Western Blot research applications.
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugation: Unconjugated
Isotype: IgG
Formulation: PBS with 0.05% Proclin300, 50% Glycerol, pH7.3.
Purification: Affinity purification
Dilution Range: WB 1:500-1:2000
Storage Instruction: Store at-20°C for up to 1 year from the date of receipt, and avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.
Gene Symbol: TUBA4A
Gene ID: 7277
Uniprot ID: TBA4A_HUMAN
Immunogen Region: 1-180
Immunogen: Recombinant fusion protein containing a sequence corresponding to amino acids 1-180 of human Alpha-Tubulin (P68366).
Immunogen Sequence: MRECISVHVGQAGVQMGNAC WELYCLEHGIQPDGQMPSDK TIGGGDDSFTTFFCETGAGK HVPRAVFVDLEPTVIDEIRN GPYRQLFHPEQLITGKEDAA NNYARGHYTIGKEIIDPVLD RIRKLSDQCTGLQGFLVFHS FGGGTGSGFTSLLMERLSVD YGKKSKLEFSIYPAPQVSTA
Post Translational Modifications Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold. Glutamylation is also involved in cilia motility. Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into cilia and flagella axonemes, which is required for their stability and maintenance. Flagella glycylation controls sperm motility. Both polyglutamylation and monoglycylation can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. Acetylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is located inside the microtubule lumen. This modification has been correlated with increased microtubule stability, intracellular transport and ciliary assembly. Methylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 is found in mitotic microtubules and is required for normal mitosis and cytokinesis contributing to genomic stability. Although this tubulin does not encode a C-terminal tyrosine, a C-terminal tyrosine can be added post-translationally by the tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL). It can then undergo a detyrosination cycle by the tubulin tyrosine carboxypeptidase (KIAA0895L/MATCAP).
Function Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules, a cylinder consisting of laterally associated linear protofilaments composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimers. Microtubules grow by the addition of GTP-tubulin dimers to the microtubule end, where a stabilizing cap forms. Below the cap, tubulin dimers are in GDP-bound state, owing to GTPase activity of alpha-tubulin.
Protein Name Tubulin Alpha-4a Chain
Alpha-Tubulin 1
Testis-Specific Alpha-Tubulin
Tubulin H2-Alpha
Tubulin Alpha-1 Chain
Database Links Reactome: R-HSA-114608
Reactome: R-HSA-1445148
Reactome: R-HSA-190840
Reactome: R-HSA-190861
Reactome: R-HSA-2132295
Reactome: R-HSA-2467813
Reactome: R-HSA-2500257
Reactome: R-HSA-2565942
Reactome: R-HSA-3371497
Reactome: R-HSA-380259
Reactome: R-HSA-380270
Reactome: R-HSA-380284
Reactome: R-HSA-380320
Reactome: R-HSA-389957
Reactome: R-HSA-389960
Reactome: R-HSA-389977
Reactome: R-HSA-437239
Reactome: R-HSA-5610787
Reactome: R-HSA-5617833
Reactome: R-HSA-5620912
Reactome: R-HSA-5620924
Reactome: R-HSA-5626467
Reactome: R-HSA-5663220
Reactome: R-HSA-6807878
Reactome: R-HSA-6811434
Reactome: R-HSA-6811436
Reactome: R-HSA-68877
Reactome: R-HSA-8852276
Reactome: R-HSA-8854518
Reactome: R-HSA-8955332
Reactome: R-HSA-9609690
Reactome: R-HSA-9609736
Reactome: R-HSA-9619483
Reactome: R-HSA-9646399
Reactome: R-HSA-9648025
Reactome: R-HSA-9668328
Reactome: R-HSA-983189
Cellular Localisation Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Alternative Antibody Names Anti-Tubulin Alpha-4a Chain antibody
Anti-Alpha-Tubulin 1 antibody
Anti-Testis-Specific Alpha-Tubulin antibody
Anti-Tubulin H2-Alpha antibody
Anti-Tubulin Alpha-1 Chain antibody
Anti-TUBA4A antibody
Anti-TUBA1 antibody

Information sourced from Uniprot.org

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