Anti-Phospho-eIF2 Alpha-S51 antibody [ARC0130] (STJ11102562)

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STJ11102562

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Host: Rabbit
Applications: WB
Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Short Description: Rabbit monoclonal anti-Phospho-eIF2 Alpha-S51 antibody is suitable for use in Western Blot.
Note: FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY (RUO).
Clonality: Monoclonal
Clone ID: ARC0130
Conjugation: Unconjugated
Formulation: PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 0.05% BSA, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.
Purification: Affinity purification
Storage Instruction: Store at-20°C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
Isotype: IgG
Dilution Range: WB: 1:500-1:2000
Uniprot ID: IF2A_HUMAN
Gene ID: 1965
Gene Symbol: EIF2S1
Immunogen: A synthesized peptide derived from human Phospho-EIF2S1 (S51).
Post Translational Modifications Phosphorylation at Ser-49 and Ser-52 stabilizes the eIF-2/GDP/eIF-2B complex and prevents GDP/GTP exchange reaction, thus impairing the recycling of eIF-2 between successive rounds of initiation and leading to global inhibition of translation, while concomitantly initiating the preferential translation of integrated stress response (ISR)-specific mRNAs. Substrate for at least 4 kinases: EIF2AK1/HRI, EIF2AK2/PKR, EIF2AK3/PERK and EIF2AK4/GCN2. Phosphorylated.phosphorylation on Ser-52 by the EIF2AK4/GCN2 protein kinase occurs in response to amino acid starvation and UV irradiation. (Microbial infection) Phosphorylation by vaccinia virus protein E3 and rotavirus A stabilizes the eIF-2/GDP/eIF-2B complex and prevents GDP/GTP exchange reaction, thus impairing the recycling of eIF-2 between successive rounds of initiation and leading to global inhibition of translation.
Function Functions in the early steps of protein synthesis by forming a ternary complex with GTP and initiator tRNA. This complex binds to a 40S ribosomal subunit, followed by mRNA binding to form a 43S pre-initiation complex. Junction of the 60S ribosomal subunit to form the 80S initiation complex is preceded by hydrolysis of the GTP bound to eIF-2 and release of an eIF-2-GDP binary complex. In order for eIF-2 to recycle and catalyze another round of initiation, the GDP bound to eIF-2 must exchange with GTP by way of a reaction catalyzed by eIF-2B. EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha is a key component of the integrated stress response (ISR), required for adaptation to various stress: phosphorylation by metabolic-stress sensing protein kinases (EIF2AK1/HRI, EIF2AK2/PKR, EIF2AK3/PERK and EIF2AK4/GCN2) in response to stress converts EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha in a global protein synthesis inhibitor, leading to a attenuation of cap-dependent translation, while concomitantly initiating the preferential translation of ISR-specific mRNAs, such as the transcriptional activator ATF4, and hence allowing ATF4-mediated reprogramming.
Protein Name Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit 1
Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit Alpha
Eif-2-Alpha
Eif-2a
Eif-2alpha
Database Links Reactome: R-HSA-156827
Reactome: R-HSA-381042
Reactome: R-HSA-382556
Reactome: R-HSA-72649
Reactome: R-HSA-72695
Reactome: R-HSA-72702
Reactome: R-HSA-72706
Reactome: R-HSA-72731
Reactome: R-HSA-9633012
Reactome: R-HSA-9648895
Cellular Localisation Cytoplasm
Stress Granule
Colocalizes With Nanos3 In The Stress Granules
Alternative Antibody Names Anti-Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit 1 antibody
Anti-Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit Alpha antibody
Anti-Eif-2-Alpha antibody
Anti-Eif-2a antibody
Anti-Eif-2alpha antibody
Anti-EIF2S1 antibody
Anti-EIF2A antibody

Information sourced from Uniprot.org

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