||Human, Mouse, Rat
||Rabbit monoclonal anti-Phospho-eIF2 Alpha-S51 antibody is suitable for use in Western Blot.
||FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY (RUO).
||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 0.05% BSA, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.
||Store at-20°C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
||A synthesized peptide derived from human Phospho-EIF2S1 (S51).
| Post Translational Modifications || Phosphorylation at Ser-49 and Ser-52 stabilizes the eIF-2/GDP/eIF-2B complex and prevents GDP/GTP exchange reaction, thus impairing the recycling of eIF-2 between successive rounds of initiation and leading to global inhibition of translation, while concomitantly initiating the preferential translation of integrated stress response (ISR)-specific mRNAs. Substrate for at least 4 kinases: EIF2AK1/HRI, EIF2AK2/PKR, EIF2AK3/PERK and EIF2AK4/GCN2. Phosphorylated.phosphorylation on Ser-52 by the EIF2AK4/GCN2 protein kinase occurs in response to amino acid starvation and UV irradiation. (Microbial infection) Phosphorylation by vaccinia virus protein E3 and rotavirus A stabilizes the eIF-2/GDP/eIF-2B complex and prevents GDP/GTP exchange reaction, thus impairing the recycling of eIF-2 between successive rounds of initiation and leading to global inhibition of translation. |
| Function || Functions in the early steps of protein synthesis by forming a ternary complex with GTP and initiator tRNA. This complex binds to a 40S ribosomal subunit, followed by mRNA binding to form a 43S pre-initiation complex. Junction of the 60S ribosomal subunit to form the 80S initiation complex is preceded by hydrolysis of the GTP bound to eIF-2 and release of an eIF-2-GDP binary complex. In order for eIF-2 to recycle and catalyze another round of initiation, the GDP bound to eIF-2 must exchange with GTP by way of a reaction catalyzed by eIF-2B. EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha is a key component of the integrated stress response (ISR), required for adaptation to various stress: phosphorylation by metabolic-stress sensing protein kinases (EIF2AK1/HRI, EIF2AK2/PKR, EIF2AK3/PERK and EIF2AK4/GCN2) in response to stress converts EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha in a global protein synthesis inhibitor, leading to a attenuation of cap-dependent translation, while concomitantly initiating the preferential translation of ISR-specific mRNAs, such as the transcriptional activator ATF4, and hence allowing ATF4-mediated reprogramming. |
| Protein Name || Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit 1Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit AlphaEif-2-AlphaEif-2aEif-2alpha |
| Database Links || Reactome: R-HSA-156827Reactome: R-HSA-381042Reactome: R-HSA-382556Reactome: R-HSA-72649Reactome: R-HSA-72695Reactome: R-HSA-72702Reactome: R-HSA-72706Reactome: R-HSA-72731Reactome: R-HSA-9633012Reactome: R-HSA-9648895 |
| Cellular Localisation || CytoplasmStress GranuleColocalizes With Nanos3 In The Stress Granules |
| Alternative Antibody Names || Anti-Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit 1 antibodyAnti-Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit Alpha antibodyAnti-Eif-2-Alpha antibodyAnti-Eif-2a antibodyAnti-Eif-2alpha antibodyAnti-EIF2S1 antibodyAnti-EIF2A antibody |
Information sourced from Uniprot.org
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